Answer to the Parasite Case of the Week 657: Plasmodium vivax
Thanks to all of the great comments on this case! There are so many classic features of P. vivax here, that it makes for a fabulous teaching slide. Florida Fan very nicely outlined all of the diagnostic features along with his thought process for coming to the final identification:
1/ The ring is fairly large, and the infected red cell is larger than the not infected. As such, there is a predilection for reticulocytes. Either P. vivax or P. ovale.
2/ The mature trophozoites are ameboid form, showing them to be highly Vivacious. More than likely P. vivax.
3/ The schizont in the third picture demonstrates more than twelve merozoites, P. ovale does not usually have that many. (on average, 8)
4/ The gametocyte in the fourth picture is not Falciform, it occupies almost the entire red cell. Though there is a little bit of fimbriation, all evidence gathered so far including the geographic area are consistent with an identification of P. vivax.
Here is a composite image of the 4 forms shown in this case: